PDF Resources for Teaching ANCSA at 50

In 2021, Michael Hawfield researched previous and existing curriculum and educational material related to teaching middle, high school and college level courses on the history and legacy of the 1971 Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA). He has compiled this material into a single resource for teachers titled “Resources For Teaching ANCSA at 50,” that also includes discussion of future approaches to teaching ANCSA, including the posing of thematic questions as a way for students to think about and discuss the large issues still relevant to ANCSA, Native land claims, and the economy and political structure of Alaska.

Resources For Teaching ANCSA at 50” is Volume 3 of the three-volume “Guide to Sources for the Study of the 1971 Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act” by the Alaska Historical Society (2021). This guide is the result of a year-long effort to locate primary archival, published and on-line sources useful to anyone interested in learning about ANCSA. This project was supported by a grant from the Rasmuson Foundation, and contributions from the following Native corporations: Doyon Limited, Sealaska, Bering Straits, Calista, and Koniag. Additional support was provided by the Atwood Foundation through a grant to the UAA Consortium Library.

All three volumes are available on the “Resources for the Study of the 1971 Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act” webpage in the Discover Alaska’s History section of the Alaska Historical Society’s webpage or by clicking below:

Volume 1: “Guide to Sources for the Study of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA)” (Introduction and Historical Context, Collection Descriptions by Location, Detailed Collection Description by Box and Folder, ANCSA Timeline, and Annotated Key Participants Name List)
Volume 2: ANCSA Bibliography
Volume 3:Resources For Teaching ANCSA at 50

The teaching resources part of the guide (Volume 3) includes reference to many websites, electronic documents, and unpublished PDF’s. Links to the digital material are provided where available. Below are the documents mentioned in the guide that were not previously available in digital form. They are organized in accordance with the sections in “Resources For Teaching ANCSA at 50.” Click on the links below to view them as PDF’s.

II. “What is ANCSA?”
Brief Interpretive History of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act,” William Schneider. In Guide to Sources for the Study of the 1971 Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, Volume 1, Section 1, Alaska Historical Society, 2021.

“Shock and Awe: Understanding Early Perceptions of the Passage of ANCSA,” Steve Haycox. Presentation at 2021 Alaska Historical Society On-line Conference, Historical Perspectives on ANCSA Session, October 14, 2021 (for video of the presentation, see: https://alaskahistoricalsociety.org/about-ahs/conference/2021-conference-presentations/).

“Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act,” Alexandra J. McClanahan. An essay about the basic provisions of ANCSA, 2001 (also available at http://www.litsitealaska.org/index.cfm?section=History-and-Culture&page=ANCSA-at-30&cat=Articles&viewpost=2&ContentId=849).

“What Rights to Land Have the Alaska Natives?: The Primary Issue,” Willie Hensley. Written for a Constitutional Law course taught by Judge Jay Rabinowitz at the University of Alaska, 1966.

“ANCSA at 40: Where Are We and Where Are We Going.” Paul Ongtooguk, Opinions, Anchorage Daily News newspaper, March 16, 2012 (also available at https://www.adn.com/commentary/article/ancsa-40-where-are-we-and-where-are-we-going/2012/03/17/).

III. Some Voices Opposed to (or Disappointed with) ANCSA
“Ancsa: Sovereignty and a Just Settlement of Land Claims or an Act of Deception,” Marilyn J. Ward Ford and Robert Rude. Touro Law Review, Volume 15, Number 2, Article 10, 1999.

“Excerpts from Village Journey: The Report of the Alaska Native Review Commission,” Thomas R. Berger, 1985, pp. 155-172 (used with permission of the Inuit Circumpolar Conference-Alaska, for educational purposes only).

IV. Tools for the Teacher/Instructor
“Caught in the Act – Teachers Guide.” Alaska Department of Education through a contract with The Alaska Native Foundation, 1987.

“A Moment in Time – ANCSA: Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, Teacher Guide.” Anchorage Museum, Education Department, no date.

“The Annotated ANCSA: How the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act Came About,” Paul Ongtooguk, 1998 (also available at http://www.alaskool.org/projects/ancsa/annancsa.htm).

“Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act: Selected Bibliography,” Suzanne Sharp. With assistance from Irene Rowan and Jo Antonson. Other contributors: Paul Ongtooguk, Gordon Pullar, and Willie Templeton. Prepared for ANCSA@40 Committee. Institute of Social and Economic Research, University of Alaska Anchorage, 2011.

V. History of the Act and Online Courses
“Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act: Pre-1971 to Present,” Rural Development 470/670, Audio-conference Course, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Department of Alaska Native Studies and Rural Development, Fall 2011. Instructor: Gordon Pullar.

“Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act: Pre-1971 to Present,” Rural Development 470/670, Audio-conference Course, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Department of Alaska Native Studies and Rural Development, Fall 2014. Instructor: Diane Benson.

“Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act: Pre-1971 to Present,” Rural Development 493/693, Web-based Open Course, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Department of Alaska Native Studies and Rural Development, no date. Instructor: Gordon Pullar (full course syllabus, content, and related resources are available at https://openancsa.community.uaf.edu/).

“Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act: Land Claims in the 21st Century,” Rural Development 110, Online and audio-conference course, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Department of Alaska Native Studies and Rural Development, no date. Instructor: Jenny Bell Jones.

“Tribal Leadership History,” Joel Issac, School of Education, University of Alaska Anchorage, draft syllabus, 2021.

“ANCSA: A Native’s Perspective – High School Lesson Plans,” Emily Ann Leon, 2015.

VI. Conferences (with many reminiscences by participants, scholars, and Elders)
“ANCSA at 40: The Impact of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act on Alaska 1971-2011.” DVD collection of conference recordings (converted to MP4 format in 2021). University of Alaska Fairbanks, Department of Alaska Native Studies and Rural Development, 2011.

“Do Native People Get Free Medical Care? And Other Frequently Asked Questions About Alaska Native Issues and Cultures,” Libby Roderick, Editor. Companion Reader to the UAA/APU Books of the Year for 2008-2009, University of Alaska Anchorage/Alaska Pacific University, 2008.

“ANCSA at 40: Where Are We and Where Are We Going.” Paul Ongtooguk, Opinions, Anchorage Daily News newspaper, March 16, 2012 (also available at https://www.adn.com/commentary/article/ancsa-40-where-are-we-and-where-are-we-going/2012/03/17/).

VII. Legal
“Tribal Nations: The Story of Federal Indian Law,” Lisa Jaeger, Tribal Government Specialist, Tanana Chiefs Conference. Tanana Chiefs Conference, Fairbanks, Alaska, 2007.

“Tribal Courts: A Historical Perspective For Bush Justice In Alaska,” Lisa Jaeger, Tribal Government Specialist, Tanana Chiefs Conference, November 20, 2009 (draft).

IX. Enduring Critical Issues
“Sovereignty And Subsistence: Native Self-Government And Rights to Hunt, Fish, And Gather After ANCSA,” Robert T. Anderson. Alaska Law Review, Volume 33, Number 2, 2016: 187-227.

“Ancsa: Sovereignty and a Just Settlement of Land Claims or an Act of Deception,” Marilyn J. Ward Ford and Robert Rude. Touro Law Review, Volume 15, Number 2, Article 10, 1999.